When discussing the majority of grasses found in North America, most species fall into one of two categories: warm-season or cool-season grass. This means that the type of grass flourishes or thrives in a warmer environment – southern states like North Carolina or Arizona – or a cooler environment – northern states like Michigan or Connecticut. While these grasses may do well on their own in these environments, knowing how to maintain these varieties can make the difference between an OK yard and a beautiful one.
The specialists at Carolina Curb Appeal have the knowledge and skill to help you get the most out of your lawn, and we’ve compiled some of our best tips and tricks into an easy-to-read resource. Whether you have a difficult yard or just want to enjoy a lush, green lawn for a little while longer, we’ve got the information to help you get the healthiest grass you’ve ever had!
Warm-Season Grass Care
Warm-season grasses are characterized by their wide, course blades which allow them to thrive in dry, warm climates. These are typically found in the Southern United States and enjoy a long growing season from spring to fall. Some of the most common types are:
When To Seed Warm-Season Grass
Warm-season grasses grow differently depending on when they were seeded. for best results, we suggest the following times to seed for the types of grasses:
- Bermuda: Spring or summer
- Zoysia: Mid to late spring or early summer
- Centipede: Mid-spring to mid-summer
How To Mow Warm-Season Grass
As you might expect, you should cut each type of warm-season grass differently. Here are some tips for each of the three main types of grasses:
- Bermuda: Mow your lawn often during the summer to encourage new stems to develop and spread and protect your grass from weeds. 1.5 to 2 inches is the best length for this type of grass.
- Zoysia: A reel-type mower is best for the stiff zoysia blades. If you use a power mower, keep the blades as sharp as possible. Optimum length is 1 to 2 inches.
- Centipede: This is a fairly independent grass, which means you won’t need to mow or fertilize as often. Ideal length is 1.5 to 2 inches.
Cool-Season Grass Care
Cool-season grasses are finer, softer varieties of grasses than those found in warm-weather species. While these are most commonly found in the northern regions of the U.S., they can be found thriving throughout the “transition zone” – a mid-region that stretches from coast to coast. While it typically thrive in spring and fall, it tends to lose color and vibrance during the hottest parts of summer. The most common species are:
- Kentucky Bluegrass
- Perennial Ryegrass
- Tall Fescue
- Fine Fescue
When To Seed Cool-Season Grass
Cool-season grasses have a preferred seeding schedule, just as warm-season grass does. For maximum results, use the following schedules for your grass type:
- Kentucky Bluegrass: Early spring or early fall
- Perennial Ryegrass: Late summer or early fall
- Tall Fescue: Early fall
- Fine Fescue: Late summer or fall
How To Mow Cool-Season Grass
- Kentucky Bluegrass: Bluegrass will most likely require a weekly cut during peak growing season. Cut to 2 to 2.5 inches.
- Perennial Ryegrass: This species grows quickly during peak season and requires frequent mowing. We suggest a mowing length of 2 to 3 inches.
- Tall Fescue: Also requiring weekly cuts during peak season, Tall Fescue should be mown anywhere from 3 to 4 inches with grass clippings left on the lawn.
- Fine Fescue: Mow weekly during peak season and maintain at 3 to 4 inches with a sharp blade to resist leaf fraying and uneven cuts.
Let’s create your dream lawn together!
At Carolina Curb Appeal, our passion is to help you achieve the property you’ve always wanted. Thousands of Triangle residents have turned to us to improve the look of their landscapes, and we’re excited to help you do the same! Our professionals provide Wake and Johnston Counties with sod installation, seeding, and lawn services to ensure that your lawn stays in pristine condition.